Sane Scan-Server RaspBerry


Scanning also works remotely, but requires a bit more tinkering to get working.

Server Configuration

To get started, log back in to the Pi with SSH and install SANE:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install sane sane-utils dbus

SANE comes with a few useful tools for checking configuration. First, see if SANE can find your scanner:

sudo sane-find-scanner

You should get some output like this:

pi@print-server ~ $ sudo sane-find-scanner

  # sane-find-scanner will now attempt to detect your scanner. If the
  # result is different from what you expected, first make sure your
  # scanner is powered up and properly connected to your computer.

  # No SCSI scanners found. If you expected something different, make sure that
  # you have loaded a kernel SCSI driver for your SCSI adapter.
  # Also you need support for SCSI Generic (sg) in your operating system.
  # If using Linux, try "modprobe sg".

found USB scanner (vendor=0x03f0 [HP], product=0xa011 [Deskjet 3050A J611 series]) at libusb:001:005
found USB scanner (vendor=0x0bda [Manufacturer Realtek ], product=0x8172 [RTL8191S WLAN Adapter ]) at libusb:001:004
found USB scanner (vendor=0x0424, product=0xec00) at libusb:001:003
  # Your USB scanner was (probably) detected. It may or may not be supported by
  # SANE. Try scanimage -L and read the backend's manpage.

  # Not checking for parallel port scanners.

  # Most Scanners connected to the parallel port or other proprietary ports
  # can't be detected by this program.

If the program returns information about your make and model like above, you’re good to go.

Next, try the following:

sudo scanimage -L

You should get output like this:

device `hpaio:/usb/Deskjet_3050A_J611_series?serial=CN1C3438F005PJ' is a Hewlett-Packard Deskjet_3050A_J611_series all-in-one

Finally, try scanning something. Put something inside the scanner enter this command:

scanimage > ~/test-scan-file.pnm

You can see details about the file using this command:

file ~/test-scan-file.pnm

If you would like to fetch the file via SSH and inspect it on your laptop, you can use the secure copy command (run this from a terminal on your laptop):

scp pi@print-server:~/test-scan-file.pnm ~/test-scan-file.pnm

(…where print-server is the hostname of the print server, Alternatively, you can use the IP address of the Pi, e.g.

Once the transfer is complete, you can open the file from your home directory with a program like GIMP.

Now we know that the scanner is working locally, we can set up the sane daemon. Open the configuration file /etc/default/saned and set this option to turn the sane daemon/server on:


Next, open the file /etc/sane.d/saned.conf and add this line, which tells the server to accept connections from all IP addresses in the range to

The above assumes that your router’s IP address is – if it is then change the line to

Also uncomment this line:

data_portrange = 10000 - 10100

We also need to fix the permissions so that the sane daemon can access the scanner without root. Part of the output from sane-find-scanner was the following line:

found USB scanner (vendor=0x03f0 [HP], product=0xa011 [Deskjet 3050A J611 series]) at libusb:001:005

The section “at libusb:001:005” at the end tells us that the scanner is located at /dev/bus/usb/001/005. Let’s check who owns that file:

pi@print-server ~ $ ls -l /dev/bus/usb/001
total 0
crw-rw-r-T 1 root root 189, 0 Jul  6 19:44 001
crw-rw-r-T 1 root root 189, 1 Jan  1  1970 002
crw-rw-r-T 1 root root 189, 2 Jan  1  1970 003
crw-rw-r-T 1 root root 189, 3 Jul  6 19:44 004
crw-rw-r-T 1 root lp   189, 4 Jul  6 19:49 005

As you can see, it is owned by root with the group lp (linux printing). We need to add the sane daemon to the lp group to give it the necessary permissions:

sudo adduser saned lp

Now restart the SANE daemon to make all of the changes take effect. On Debian Wheezy and before, the command is:

sudo service saned restart

On Jessie and later (i.e. systems with systemd), use:

sudo systemctl start saned.socket

And tell the SANE service to start automatically when the Pi starts. On Wheezy:

sudo update-rc.d saned defaults

Or on Jessie:

sudo systemctl enable saned.socket

Now check SANE is running properly:

sudo service saned status